Writing Advice Writing Exercises

Getting to grips with point of view

An Introduction to Point Of View in Creative Writing

Point of view can be thought of like a camera.

Point of view is a key tool for any writer trying to tell a story and, at times, it can be difficult to get right. It’s worth taking a little time to understand and chose which form is best for a story and stay consistent. Our Tuesday evening readings often have lengthy discussions about whether a story has head hopped or confused the reader due to misunderstanding about how to use point of view effectively.

First person

In first person the camera is inside the narrator’s head and her eye’s are the view. Since this is the way we perceive the world every day, it can be the easiest to understand.

Second Person

In second person narrative, the camera switches focus from watching the scene of the story to the reader, speaking to them directly as a part of the story. For example – ‘Dear reader, I hope you are not tired. There will be no sleep for you once you begin this tale.’ Second person is not used often and can be very difficult to make flow smoothly

Third person narrow

In third person narrow, the narrator holds the camera and watches one person. They even have a microphone inside this character’s head to hear and feel everything that character feels, but the narrator can’t see, hear or know anything this character doesn’t directly perceive. Third person narrow can change to a different character, but not quickly. It tends to stay with one character for a chapter or two before moving on to an alternative character.

Third person omniscient

Third person omniscient is the point of view that seems to generate the most discussion and confusion.

In third person omniscient, the camera hovers above the room. It can zoom in and out, it has microphones in everyone’s head and it’s been recording all week, so it knows everything that has ever happened or will ever happen in the future.

This narrator can tell the story from any character at any time, but if the narrator changes which character’s thoughts and actions they are relating too often and without appropriate breaks, it feels strange and jarring. The reader can become confused. If the narrator wants to paint a big picture of the whole room, they would not be able to give close thoughts of every person in the scene.

It’s a form of narration that often lends itself to telling more than showing in the story. Since an omniscient narrator can give lengthy asides and backstory, is more likely to led to dull story telling. Although these same points can be useful for large-scale fantasy epics and historical tales that need a lot of world building.

Practice makes recognizing each point of view easier

A useful exercise is to take a short scene and write it in each of the different points of view as a practice piece.

  • 1st — Three people sat with me around Harold’s Birthday cake. I should have eaten my salad, but cake was so much nicer. Harold mashed his piece with a fork. It was disgusting. There were crumbs all over the tablecloth. I took another bite. Chocolate melted over my tongue, covering it with gooey bliss until I swallowed. Too bad we only had three birthdays a year. I could get used to having cake on Tuesdays.
  • 3rd narrow — Three people sat with Mary eating cake. It was Harold’s birthday, so she left her salad in the refrigerator. She hated the way Harold mashed his cake with a fork. It was disgusting spilling crumbs on the table cloth. She took another bite. Chocolate melted over her tongue, covering it with gooey bliss until she swallowed.
  • 3rdomniscient — Mary, Harold, and Burt sat around a table. It was Harold’s birthday, so he’d brought chocolate cake. He mashed his piece with a fork. Mary grimaced but took a bite, savoring the mouthful of chocolate. Mary would have liked to have cake every Tuesday. Sadly, none of them realized this would be the last birthday cake they would share.

These are not a perfect examples. Part of the fun and usefulness of this exercise is to do it quickly on a very short scene. As the view finder shifts around the scene, think about what things the narrator would know and be able to convey to the reader, and what they would not know.

More point of view exercises can be found on West Lothian Writers at Point of View Exercise, and An Introduction to Point Of View in Creative Writing,

Also, Reedsy has a very good summary of point of view in this blog– Point of View: First, Second, and Third Person POV


WLW Meeting – 09/06/2015

This week’s meeting saw a huge turn out of 12 people including the return of Sue and Norman after many months away (and for some years). We also welcomed a new member to our group Maureen. We hope you enjoyed yourself. After going over a few bits of news we started with a quick point of view exercise before getting down to the writing. You’ll be able to read about everything below the break.

Writing Exercises

Point of View Exercise

We’ve talked about point of view before on the West Lothian Writers website but today we are looking at the topic from a different angle. At our meeting tonight we have adapted one of the brilliant worksheets from into a workshop on the topic of point of view.


Of course we started with the definitions of the five kinds of point of view you can in creative writing. They are:

  1. First Person – where the narrator is usually the protagonist or central character in the story.
  2. Second Person – This form of point of view is rarely used for creative writing but own used for instructions & choose your own adventure books.
  3. Third Person Objective – the narrator tells the story only describing characters’ behavior and dialogue. No inner character thoughts at all.
  4. Third Person Limited – The narrator’s perspective is limited to the internal workings of one character. Can switch characters but not mid scene. Usually at the end of a chapter.
  5. Third Person Omniscient – the narrator describes the thoughts and feelings of every character in the book at any point. Can switch perspectives mid scene if required.
Writing Advice

An Introduction to Point Of View in Creative Writing

An Introduction to Point Of View in Creative Writing

Anyone who has been along to a meeting of West Lothian Writers will know that one of the most common pieces of feedback we give each other is about point of view. However, despite six results coming up if you search Point of View on this website we have never discussed it in any depth – at time of writing of course! With this in mind we thought we should look at the topic.